Human Rights ~ From birth, humans already have rights that must be upheld and recognized everyone. This right is more important than the right of a ruler or king. Rights derived from the Almighty God, given to mankind. However, human rights are often violated human to defend her right to privacy. Sebanarnya what is the human rights (HAM) it? Well, on this occasion Zone Students will discuss thoroughly about Understanding Human Rights (HAM). May be useful. Check this out !!!
Human Rights (HAM) protruding from the man himself conviction that all human beings as God’s creation is the same and equal. Man is born free and have the dignity and the same rights. On the basis that human beings should be treated equally fair and civilized. Human rights are universal, meaning that applies to all human beings without mebeda-distinguished based on race, religion, ethnic and national (ethnic).
A. Definition of Human Rights (HAM)
There are different versions of the definition of human rights. Each definition emphasizes on certain aspects of human rights. Here are some of these definitions. As for some definition of Human Rights (HAM) is as follows:
1. Law No. 39 of 1999
According to Law No. 39 of 1999, is a set of human rights inherent in the nature of human existence as a creature of God Almighty. That right is His grace that must be respected, upheld and protected by the State, law, government, and everyone for the respect and protection of human dignity.
2. John Locke
According to John Locke, human rights is a right granted directly by God as something that is natural. That is, the rights of human beings by nature can not be separated from the essence, so that the sacred nature.
3. David Beetham and Kevin Boyle
According to David Beetham and Kevin Boyle, human rights and fundamental freedoms are individual rights derived from the needs and capacities of man.
4. C. de Rover
Human rights are the legal rights of every person as a human being. The rights of the universal and belong to every person, rich or poor, male or female. Such rights may be violated, but can never be eliminated. Human rights are legal rights, this means that these rights are legal. Human rights are protected by the Constitution and national laws in many countries around the world. Human rights are basic rights or fundamental rights of human beings brought from birth as a gift of God Almighty. Human rights are respected, upheld and protected by the state, law, government, and every person. Human rights are universal and timeless.
5. Austin Ranney
Human rights are individual freedom space clearly defined in the constitution and guarantee its implementation by the government.
6. A.J.M. Milne
Human rights are the rights possessed by all human beings in all times and in all places because of the virtue of their being human.
7. Franz Magnis- Suseno
Human rights are the rights of human beings not as given to him by the community. So it was not because of positive law, but based on dignity as human beings. Humans have it because he is human.
8. Miriam Budiardjo
Miriam Budiardjo limit the notion of human rights as the rights of human beings that have been acquired and brought together with the birth or presence in the community.
9. Oemar Seno Adji
According Oemar Seno Adji is a human rights are rights inherent in human dignity as a human being created by God Almighty that nature should not be violated by anyone, and that seems to be a holy area.
Understanding Human Rights (HAM) | www.zonasiswa.com
B. Special Feature Human Rights (HAM)
Human rights have specific characteristics compared to the rights of others. The special feature of human rights as follows.
Inalienable, meaning that human rights can not be removed or left.
Can not be shared, meaning that everyone is entitled to all rights, whether civil and political rights or economic, social, and cultural.
Principle, meaning that human rights are the rights of all human beings that have been there since birth.
Universal, meaning that human rights apply to everyone regardless of status, ethnicity, gender, or other differences. Equality is one of the ideas of fundamental human rights.
C. Kinds of Human Rights (HAM)
You have to understand that human rights are rights inherent in every human being from the beginning of the applicable born of a lifetime and can not be contested by anyone. There are a variety of human rights. Broadly speaking, human rights can be classified into six kinds as follows.
1. Personal Rights (Personal Rights)
Rights relating to the life of the human person. Examples of personal rights is as follows.
Rights to freedom of movement, travel, and on the move.
Right to freedom of speech or expression.
Right to freedom of choice and active in organizations or associations.
The right to freedom to choose, embrace, practice religion and belief are believed respectively.
2. Political Rights (Political Rights)
Rights associated with political life. Examples of political rights is as follows.
The right to elect and to be elected in an election.
Right to participate in government activities.
Rights to create and establish political parties and other political organizations.
The right to make proposals and submit a petition.
3. Rights Law (Legal Equality Rights)
Right to equality before the law and government, namely the rights relating to life and the rule of law. Examples of human rights law as follows.
Right to equal treatment in law and government.
The right to become a civil servant (PNS).
Right to receive services and legal protection.
4. Economic Rights (Property been described)
Rights related to economic activities. Examples of economic rights is as follows.
The rights of freedom of buying and selling activities.
The right to freedom entered into a contract.
Right to freedom of organizing leases and debts.
The right of freedom to have something.
The right to own and get a proper job.
5. Rights Justice (Procedural Rights)
The right to be treated equally in court procedures. Examples rights this court as follows.
The right to receive legal defense in court.
The right to equality of treatment on search, arrest, detention and investigation before the law.
6. Social and Cultural Rights (Social Culture Rights)
Rights related to social life. Examples of social rights culture is as follows.
Rights define, select, and get an education.
The right to an education.
The right to develop culturally appropriate to their talents and interests. Are you want to go out, come to http://www.smansax1-edu.com/ before please!